Agriculture and Religion
Agriculture is one of the most ancient professions. From the dawn of history, the connection people had with earth was linked with the connection they had with God. The ancient farmers were praying to God for rain, sunlight and protection, and involved religious rules and rituals in the everyday work of agriculture.
One of the most significant examples of the connection between agriculture and religion, lies in the biblical allegories of shepherding. The term “shepherd” is mentioned many times in the New Testament, as a metaphor of Jesus, while the people were referred to as the herd of sheep. In the ancient times, sheep symbolized abundance. The “Good Shepherd” image was one of the most common early representations of Jesus Christ.
“For thus says the Lord God:Behold, I, I myself will search for my sheep and will seek them out. As a shepherd seeks out his flock when he is among his sheep that have been scattered, so will I seek out my sheep, and I will rescue them from all places where they have been scattered on a day of clouds and thick darkness”.
The commitment the shepherd holds to the one lost sheep, is similar to the commitment the agriculturist makes with nature and god. The book of psalms opens with a promise to the righteous man. The person which shall follow God and reject all evil, is compared with a fruitful tree, planted on the banks of a river.
“That person is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither – whatever they do prospers”. (Psalm 1:3).
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